Cardiovascular Disease In Men
Cardiovascular disease is a leading health risk in men today. The average statistic is more than one in three men are affected by cardiovascular disease. Over 48 percent of the deaths due to cardiovascular disease are in men.
The risk levels of men contracting cardiovascular disease are rather high. The smoking percentage of men faces an even greater risk of contracting the disease. This is because smoking causes the blood vessels to narrow and this can eventually lead to heart disease of various types.
The term "cardiovascular disease" or "heart disease" is an umbrella term. It can be used to refer to a number of different conditions including coronary artery disease, angina, heart failure, arrhythmias, etc. Other conditions related to the heart that still fall under the term cardiovascular disease include birth defects, heart infections, and other irregularities. Heart disease can manifest itself without any prior warning - you can go about your life without knowing you have the disease as it could manifest without symptoms at first.
The very first signs of heart disease usually involve heart attack or some other event as serious as that. Still, there are some warning signs that you may experience prior to getting a full blown attack of the disease. Some symptoms of heart disease may manifest themselves sporadically and it won't seem like too big a deal. Some of these include:
- Difficulty in catching your breath after very mild exercise or exertion
- Weird pains in your jaw, neck and high in your torso
- An uncomfortable squeezing sensation in your chest that can last minutes or hours
Cardiovascular disease can involve the blood vessels. The symptoms of these are usually more serious than those mentioned above and you should seek medical advice if they present themselves. These symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Angina (pains in your chest)
- Extremity changes (e.g. tingling, coldness, numbness, weakness, pain, etc)
Cardiovascular disease can be avoided. It is very common in men (especially if you are overweight or obese), but you don't have to suffer from it if you don't already have it. Some of the preventive measures usually practiced include:
- Cessation from tobacco (including avoiding second-hand smoke as much as possible)
- Adhering to a low-fat and high-fibre diet (five portions of this each day will reduce your chances of getting heart disease exponentiall - by about 25 percent)
- Consuming no more than the recommended limits of alcohol per day (no more than two standard drinks each day can reduce your chances of contracting cardiovascular disease by nearly 30 percent - excessive consumption can reduce your chances of getting it but it has other terrible health effects)
- Reduce the amount of body fat you have if you are overweight or obese
- Lower your blood pressure if it is high
- Take 30 minutes each day to do vigorous exercise (five times a week)
- Reduce the amount of stress you garner each day if it is high
- Reduce the amount of sugar you consume each day if it is high